According to the Bank Lending Survey, in 2020 Q1 credit supply contracted slightly in both Spain and the euro area, affecting practically all the segments analysed. Demand for loans continued to fall in Spain across the board, although firms’ demand fell at a slower rate than in the prior quarter. In the euro area as a whole, firms’ demand for funds surged, while that of households slowed. Banks expect the COVID-19 pandemic to have a greater impact in 2020 Q2, especially in the case of demand for financing. For instance, they anticipate an upsurge in firms’ demand for loans between April and June, likely driven by their high liquidity needs. Should these expectations materialise, it would be the largest increase in demand recorded in this segment by the survey since it began in 2003. Conversely, amid growing economic uncertainty financial institutions foresee a slump in demand for loans from households. Furthermore, these intermediaries expect to ease credit standards for loans to firms during those months, foreseeably on account of the State guarantee schemes launched in several countries. According to the respondents, the measures adopted by the ECB (expanded asset purchase programme, negative deposit facility rate and TLTRO III) continued to help relax the credit supply terms and conditions and to contribute to a rise in lending volumes.
Artículo de revista
Economic bulletin / Banco de España. Analytical articles Economic bulletin / Banco de España [Artículos], n. 2, 2020