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Memoria de Supervisión


This publication reports on the Banco de España’s supervisory activities and seeks to explain the actions undertaken.

It describes in detail the supervisory and oversight functions of the Banco de España, how they are organised within the Bank and how they were performed during the year. It also describes how the sanctioning power was exercised, the Banco de España circulars relating to supervision and the Bank’s participation in international banking regulation and supervision fora.

The first issue of this publication, relating to 2001, was called Report on Banking Supervision in Spain. Following the incorporation in 2019 of the Annual report on the oversight of financial market infrastructures, the name of the 2020 report has been changed to Supervision Report. All the reports that have been published are available here.

The 2021 Supervision Report is currently only available in Spanish